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Cultural Etiquette: Dos and Don'ts in Malaysia

Malaysia, a melting pot of cultures, traditions, and religions, offers expatriates a rich and diverse living experience. However, navigating the cultural landscape can sometimes be challenging, especially for those unfamiliar with local customs and etiquette. In this guide, we'll explore some dos and don'ts to help expatriates better understand Malaysian culture and ease their transition to this vibrant Southeast Asian country.


  1. Greet with a Smile: Malaysians are known for their warm and friendly nature. When meeting someone, always greet them with a smile and a friendly "hello" or "salam" (in Malay).

  2. Respect for Elders: In Malaysian culture, respecting elders is highly valued. When in the presence of older individuals, use respectful language and gestures. It's also customary to greet elders first in a group setting.

  3. Remove Shoes Before Entering Homes: It's a common practice in Malaysia to remove your shoes before entering someone's home, especially if you see a pile of shoes at the entrance. This shows respect for the cleanliness of the home.

  4. Use Right Hand for Gestures: In Malaysian culture, the right hand is considered cleaner than the left hand, which is typically used for personal hygiene. When giving or receiving items, using the right hand is seen as more polite.

  5. Cover Shoulders and Knees in Religious Sites: Malaysia is a predominantly Muslim country, and it's important to dress modestly when visiting mosques and other religious sites. Both men and women should cover their shoulders and knees out of respect for religious customs.

  6. Accept Invitations with Enthusiasm: Malaysians are known for their hospitality, and it's common to receive invitations to social gatherings, weddings, and festivals. When invited, accept with enthusiasm and bring a small gift as a token of appreciation.

  7. Try Local Cuisine: Malaysian cuisine is diverse and delicious, with influences from Malay, Chinese, Indian, and indigenous cultures. Be adventurous and try local dishes like nasi lemak, roti canai, and laksa. Malaysians appreciate when foreigners show an interest in their food.

  8. Learn Some Basic Phrases in Malay: While English is widely spoken in Malaysia, learning a few basic phrases in Malay (the national language) can go a long way in building rapport with locals. Simple greetings like "Selamat pagi" (good morning) or "Terima kasih" (thank you) are always appreciated.


  1. Point with Your Feet: Pointing with your feet or using your foot to touch someone or something is considered disrespectful in Malaysian culture. Keep your feet on the ground and avoid pointing them towards people or objects.

  2. Touching Someone's Head: In Malaysian culture, the head is considered sacred, and touching someone's head, especially without permission, is seen as offensive.

  3. Disrespect Religious Customs: Malaysia is a multicultural society with Islam being the predominant religion. Avoid speaking disrespectfully about religion or engaging in behaviors that may be offensive to religious beliefs, such as public displays of affection in conservative areas.

  4. Show Affection Publicly: Public displays of affection, such as kissing or hugging, are generally frowned upon in Malaysian culture. Keep romantic gestures private to avoid making others uncomfortable.

  5. Use Left Hand for Eating or Giving: As mentioned earlier, the left hand is considered less clean than the right hand. Avoid using your left hand for eating or giving items to others, as it may be perceived as rude.

  6. Pointing at People: Pointing directly at someone with your finger is considered impolite in Malaysian culture. Instead, use an open hand gesture or nod in the person's direction.

  7. Raise Your Voice in Anger: Malaysians value harmony and avoiding confrontation. Raising your voice or showing anger in public is generally seen as inappropriate. Instead, address issues calmly and respectfully.

  8. Assume Homogeneity: Malaysia is a diverse country with multiple ethnicities, languages, and cultures. Avoid assuming that everyone is the same or has the same beliefs. Embrace the diversity and show respect for all cultures and traditions.

By being mindful of local customs and etiquette, expatriates can build positive relationships with Malaysians and integrate more smoothly into the community. While it's natural to make mistakes, showing respect, humility, and a willingness to learn will go a long way in fostering understanding and acceptance in this culturally rich and diverse country.

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